កម្មវិធីបរិញ្ញាបត្រជាន់ខ្ពស់ផ្នែកចិត្តវិទ្យាគ្លីនិកនិងប្រឹក្សាផ្លូវចិត្ត

Master's Program in Clinical and Counseling Psychology

Course Outline

1st Semester

  • PSY2001: Developmental Perspective in Clinical Psychology and counselling (3 credits)
    This course focuses on the concept of developmentally oriented counseling. It is based upon lifespan theory, which makes the assumption that there is developmental logic to behavior. First the students will learn to assess and understand a child’s developmental process and to provide appropriate helping strategies for children and adolescents. The course introduces theories on normal development first and then proceeds with theories on abnormal development, including genetic, temperamental and contextual factors. Topics such as developmental delay, milestones and importance of attachment and bonding and different attachment styles, will be discussed. In later courses and counseling students will also profit from this knowledge in their work with and assessment of adult clients. There will be a strong focus on Cambodian concepts and traditions.
    Objectives: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

    • assess and understand the client’s developmental process and its appropriateness;
    • provide appropriate helping strategies for children, adolescents and family settings;
    • be aware of and incorporate concepts and principles including psychosocial, moral, emotional, family, self and cultural development when working with clients
  • PSY2002: History taking and Assessment in the Cambodian Context (3 credits)
    This course will provide students with counseling skills focused on communication between counselor and client, for both adults and children. This includes the use of culturally and age appropriate aspects of interviewing and possibly a lexicon of meaning-centered terms for emotions, thinking, behavior and measurement. The course will teach students how to encourage the client to talk and how to observe the clients’ behavior and kinesics (e.g. Khmer body language, eye contact, etc). Students will learn how to conduct a mental status exam and will be introduced to structured interview methods (e.g. SKID and K-SADS, Interview schedule for DSM-IV, adult and child versions). Risk assessment will also be addressed. This includes Cambodian conditions such as poverty and human rights, as well as suicidality.The second part of the course covers some of the major objective tests and methods in the field of psychological, behavioral and psychometric assessment. Students will learn about assessment theory, including reliability, sensitivity, (construct) validity of instruments and the importance of Cambodian norms and culturally-validated measures. Cambodian understandings and practices related to community consultation, informed consent and others will be addressed. Students will be guided in the assessment techniques and administration, scoring, interpretation and reporting of a variety of tests, such as the Hopkins Anxiety and Depression Scale and assessment tools for PTSD, including specifically Cambodian instruments. Critical thinking about the use of these assessments and the social and psychosocial situations of clients living in poverty will be encouraged.
    Objectives: Upon completion of this course the students will be able to:

    • conduct a formal interview fully assessing the client’s background, history and mental status, risk factors and resources in both individual and family settings;
    • take into account gender, age and culture issues regarding the client’s history and his/her behavior;
    • consider the Cambodian context (poverty, human rights, etc.) when conducting interviews;
    • apply skills to establish and maintain a good trustworthy relationship with a variety of clients;
    • use different methods encouraging the client to talk; and
    • demonstrate the use and application of the structured SKID interview.
    • have a good knowledge and understanding of different assessment tools for psychiatric disorders and other psychological issues;
    • know how to appropriately choose and apply these assessment tools;
    • be able to choose appropriate measures based on the Cambodian context.
  • PSY2003: Psychopathology, Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis (3 credits)
    The course is designed to provide students with in-depth knowledge about theories and research concerning abnormal behavior (psychopathology). The course will address such topics as the incidence (frequency) and etiology (causes) of abnormal behavior and different psychopathological disorders in both adults and children. It will also give information about some medical conditions that can cause psychological illness, so that future counselors will know about their professional/educational limitations and when to transfer a client. It will train and enable the students to professionally use their psychopathological assessments, going beyond recognizing symptoms and syndromes to classifying various diagnostic categories. The students will learn especially about affective disorders, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, posttraumatic stress disorders, eating disorders, addictive disorders, psychosomatic disorders and obsessive compulsive disorders, including child specific diagnosis such as autism, ADHD, developmental delay and learning disabilities. For all of these issues, the specific symptoms in Cambodia (e.g. the concept of ba sbaat and ckuet) and conditions such as poverty, will be strongly considered.Information about child mental health issues will also be provided via excursions and demonstrations in cooperation with other providers (e.g. CCAMH).
    Objectives: Upon completion of this course the students will be able to:

    • professionally use the findings of their psychopathological assessments, going beyond recognizing symptoms and syndromes to classifying various diagnostic categories;
    • identify their own professional and educational limitations and think about physical causes of conditions in order to transfer clients in time; and
    • take into account the incidence, etiology and cultural concepts of different psychopathological syndromes, with a special focus on working with Cambodian clients.
    • utilize local Cambodian terminology, taxonomy and attributions in their clinical care
    • apply good knowledge about autism, ADHS and developmental delay;

 

2nd Semester

  • PSY2004: Theories and Techniques of Group counselling (3 credits)
    This course provides an overview of group dynamics, group leadership, group procedures, and group counseling skills including some facilitation and mediation skills. The course includes concepts directly related to the model of a counselor being a facilitator of human development. Included will be issues of group dynamics, stigma, shame and assumptions in the Cambodian context. Students will lead and participate in a group activity that will enable them to use more participatory methods and adapt and apply these methods to the field of clinical psychology, counseling and community health in Cambodia.
    Objectives: Upon completion of this course the students will be able to:

    • mediate modest conflicts;
    • identify group dynamics and adapt their interventions to these;
    • structure group settings in different ways;
    • reflect on issues of stigma, shame and other important interpersonal assumptions; and
    • integrate and apply participatory teaching methods.
  • PSY2005: Techniques in Counselling and Psychotherapy (3 credits)
    This course offers more detailed knowledge and orientation essential for the professional practice of counseling and psychotherapy. It draws from a variety of therapeutic models in order to provide a solid understanding of the counseling process along with training for basic and advanced skills. Using multi-sensory, cognitive, behavioral and experiential learning activities, supervised training will be provided as the student develops skills for offering counseling sessions for clients with mood disorders, depression, including suicidality, domestic violence, somatizations (eg. sleeping problems, thinking too much) and substance abuse or psychosis. There will be role-plays among the students and discussions about how western techniques can be complementary or adapted to the Cambodian context with integration of its available resources such as monks, traditional healers, mediums, indigenous resources and others.
    Objectives: Upon completion of this course the students will be able to:

    • understand the process and structuring of counseling;
    • identify a variety of intervention and goal setting strategies;
    • apply a variety of intervention skills and techniques derived from different psychotherapeutic schools (directions such as cognitive, behavioral, psychodynamic, solution-focused, talk therapy, and somatic experiencing, and possible utilization of different ethnic healing approaches);
    • offer interventions for clients suffering from depressive ,anxiety disorders, domestic violence, somatizations and substance abuse; and
    • reflect on and define model suitability in different contexts.
  • PSY2006: Research Methods in Psychology (3 credits)
    This course gives an overview on quantitative and qualitative approaches to designing research and collecting and analyzing data. It will focus on differences, advantages, disadvantages and combinations of these research approaches. Experimental, observational, and selective methods will be discussed. The topic of ethics in research in the field of psychology and social sciences will be addressed. As a requirement of this course, each student will submit a written research proposal.
    Objectives: Upon completion of this course the students will be able to:

    • distinguish between quantitative and qualitative approaches to research;
    • understand and validate the concepts and professional use of different research methods;
    • utilize analytical and critical thinking skills which will permit a beginning ability to evaluate and improve their judgment about research topics; and
    • reflect on ethical issues and consider them at the beginning of research planning.

    In addition to this course, a voluntary tutoring is provided by the Master’s program to train and practice the topics learned. A research colloquium will be held where students will present their research proposal in a 10 min presentation.

  • PSY-Internship Phase I (2 credits)

    Internship Phase I takes place in Semester 2, and all the students are required to complete 41-hour fieldwork and to submit a formative report at the end of the placement period.

    Summary of 41 Hour Requirement

    Direct counselling hours 20 hours (minimum requirement)
    Supervision hours 5 hours
    Group supervision 6 hours
    Associated hours 10 hours

    NOTE:
    Prerequisite to internship: All the students are required to undergo five counseling sessions before they start their internship and practice counseling sessions with clients. It is essential that the students gain the insights from their experience as a counselee; more importantly, they have a chance to reflect on themselves for personal development and healing. The students can choose any international or local qualified counselor who is from psychology department, master’s program, and the other organizations or institutes. (Note: All the students are required to completed the five counseling sessions within Semester 1)

 

3rd Semester

  • PSY2007: Seminar on Writing a Research Thesis or Report (3 credits)
    Quantitative and qualitative methods used to analyze experimental and survey data, including the multivariate statistical procedures of analysis of variance (ANOVA), regression and factor analysis, will be covered. Students will gain a working knowledge of SPSS for fundamental statistical procedures. They will also get information and a methodology handout about how to write their research thesis.
    Objectives: Upon completion of this course the students will be able to:

    • begin to analyze experimental data;
    • understand, use and interpret results from factor regression analysis;
    • apply basic statistical procedures;
    • follow some of the calculations performed by SPSS; and
    • structure a research thesis.
  • PSY2008: Traumatology and Techniques of Trauma Treatment (3 credits)
    This course provides an overview of the history and development of traumatology and trauma therapy and insight into the psychophysiological processes that occur during and after traumatization (based on recent research). It will focus on some disorders that are often related to trauma and relevant special interventions (e.g.: motivational therapy for addiction, stress and anger management for victims and perpetrators of domestic violence, dialectic behavioral therapy for personality disorders). A brief introduction on trauma treatment for children will be given. Specific aspects regarding the Cambodian cultural and environmental context will be considered and the usual Western clinical phenomenology enlarged by including linguistically and semantically appropriate tags. Teaching about the treatment of trauma related symptoms will focus on stabilization and the building up of resources. Methods of instruction include lectures, discussion, small group work, experiential exercises, presentations, and videos.
    Objectives: Upon completion of this course the students will be able to:

    • fundamentally understand the psychophysiological reaction to trauma
    • identify a variety of interventions and goal setting strategies;
    • apply a variety of intervention skills and techniques derived from different psychotherapeutic schools (directions such as motivational therapy, stress and anger management, dialectic behavioral therapy) with a strong focus on stabilization techniques;
    • assist client in finding the appropriate technique for relief using their knowledge about various possibilities;
    • apply interventions for clients suffering from addictive, eating and personality disorders as well as for victims and perpetrators of domestic violence; and
    • begin to define the suitability of different techniques in different contexts.
  • PSY2009: Theories and Techniques of Family Therapy (3 credits)
    This course will deepen the students’ understanding of theories and techniques of counseling that they began in PSY 522 and PSY 632. It will deepen the understanding of the disorders covered in PSY 522, but will focus on treatment of the whole family, including the topic of parenting, as well as the inclusion of the communities. Issues of community based mental health, rehabilitation and occupational therapy will be covered. Methods of instruction include lectures, discussions, small group work, role plays and videos.
    Objectives: Upon completion of this course the students will be able to:

    • understand concepts of family therapy;
    • identify a variety of interventions and goal setting strategies;
    • apply a variety of intervention skills and techniques derived from different family therapy schools;
    • apply family therapy interventions for clients suffering from anxiety, depression, somatizations, domestic violence, substance abuse and psychosis;
    • begin to define the suitability of different techniques in different contexts;
    • be creative about community based mental health interventions.
    • consider issues of sexual abuse and violence and the importance of attachment and bonding in working with clients
  • PSY-Internship Phase II (3 credits)

    Internship Phase II takes place in Semester 3, and all the students are required to complete 51-hour fieldwork and to submit a formative report at the end of the placement period.
    Summary of 51 Hour Requirement

    Direct counselling hours 30 hours (minimum requirement)
    Supervision hours 5 hours
    Group supervision 6 hours
    Associated hours 10 hours

 

4th Semester

  • PSY2010: Child and Adolescent Counselling and Therapy (3 credits)
    This course will focus on the principles and practice of solution focused brief therapy with specific emphasis on a systems theory approach, as introduced in PSY 633. Students will learn how to assess children’s personal and system resources, and will practice how to plan and conduct therapy within a family therapy setting. Instruction will include how to conduct counseling sessions with parents. In addition, students will learn to identify and respond to issues involving child rights and sexual abuse. Methods of instruction include lectures, discussion, small group work, experiential exercises and videos.
    Objectives: Upon completion of this course the students will be able to:

    • assess the child’s personal strengths and system resources
    • identifying exceptions to the problem and how the child is already coping
    • learn about appropriate interventions for children and adolescents
    • plan child therapy within a family therapy setting
    • include sessions with the parents along with the child‘s therapy.
  • PSY2011: Case Management and Case Presentation 1 (3 credits)
    This course will train students how to find appropriate interventions for their clients and how to plan the treatment effectively. It will also give information on how to present cases and treatment planning. It will require students to exchange information about their internship experience and difficulties and to use their cases as examples for peer supervision and group discussions on case management and treatment planning in Cambodia. Each student will have to present a 20 minute case study on one case, either a child, adolescent or adult case, in individual, group or family/couple settings, from his/ her internship experience in class for discussion. After their presentation, the students shall join together in groups of two and perform a role play on their cases. This role play shall be recorded and the best part (about 10 minutes) presented also in the case management course to get feedback on his/her skills. The case presented in this course shall be submitted as a written case study for the internship requirement.
    Objectives: Upon completion of this course the students will be able to:

    • present cases in a well structured, comprehensible way including information on all relevant aspects;
    • learn from peers and accept and apply advice;
    • interact in a constructive and encouraging way with fellow students;
    • critically reflect on clinical work and interventions; and
  • PSY-Internship Phase III (4 credits)

    Internship Phase III takes place in Semester 4 and 5, and all the students are required to complete 88-hour fieldwork and to submit a summative report at the end of the placement period.
    Summary of 88 Hour Requirement

    Direct counselling hours 50 hours (minimum requirement)
    Supervision hours 10 hours
    Group supervision 8 hours
    Associated hours 20 hours

 

5th Semester

  • PSY2012: Buddhist Psychology and Mental Health (3 credits)
    This course will provide information about Buddhist approaches to psychotherapy. It will draw connections between Western and Eastern psychology and discuss practical relevance and the implementation of Buddhist contributions to healing in Cambodia. There will be links to other organizations, such as TPO, that are utilizing Buddhist aspects in psychotherapy and counseling. It will present different aspects, ways of thinking and views on the world from Buddhism that have been incorporated and used by other counseling programs (e.g. dialectic behavioural therapy).
    Objectives Upon completion of this course the students will be able to

    • identify fundamental aspects of Buddhist psychology;
    • demonstrate Buddhist values in class discussions and assignments;
    • reflect an understanding of the value of cultural diversity; and
    • further understand Buddhist cultural proceedings and ceremonies and their utilization in counseling and psychotherapy.
  • PSY2013: Cultural Competences- Partnership with Local Resources (3 credits)
    This course is aimed at increasing students’ cultural competency as psychologists in Cambodia. Students will be trained on various concepts, including culture, ethnicity, nationalism, race, religion, socioeconomic status and so on, and how these are interwoven into one’s identity. They will learn to think critically about how this cultural identity affects clients’ clinical needs and experiences, and how their own cultural identify affects the therapy process. The course will explore a magnitude of Cambodian values, and within- and between-group differences. Further, students will be encouraged to consider once more how previously learned interventions/models of therapy are or are not appropriate for use with their clients based on the client’s needs and values. Students will get to know different NGOs working in the psychosocial field in Cambodia and their approaches. This course will include methods such as peer supervision, brain storming, and using the broad knowledge of topics already learnt and revising them. Every student will have to briefly present another case and tape and present a video on counseling with a fellow student to get feedback on his/her skills.
    Objectives: Upon completion of this course the students will be able to:

    • demonstrate increased cultural competency in working with Cambodian clients;
    • reflect on the personal cultural self as therapist;
    • network with and utilize different Cambodian NGOs;
    • integrate learned course materials on cultural competency into clinical practice; and
    • display growth as a clinician by presenting clinical cases, receiving feedback and education from peers and the instructors of the course, and implementing this knowledge into clinical practice.
  • PSY2014: Case Management and Case Presentation 2 (3 credits)
    Based on the first part of this course taught in the fourth semester and reflecting on their practical experience so far, this course will deepen students’ skills to find appropriate interventions for their clients and to plan the treatment effectively. It will also replicate information on how to present cases and treatment planning. It will require students to exchange information about their internship experience and difficulties and to use their cases as examples for peer supervision and group discussions on case management and treatment planning in Cambodia. Each student will have to present a 15 minute case study on one case, either a child, adolescent or adult case, in individual, group or family/couple settings, from his/ her internship experience in class for discussion. The case presented in this course shall be submitted as a Power Point presentation.
    Objectives: Upon completion of this course the students will be able to:

    • present cases in a well structured, detailed way including information on all relevant aspects;
    • focus on individual and family’s strengths and resources,
    • effectively plan and organize the counseling process;
    • derive meaning from issues during personal development of the client
    • learn from peers and accept and apply advice;
    • interact in a constructive and encouraging way with fellow students;
    • critically reflect on clinical work and interventions;
    • integrate introduced course materials on counseling and psychotherapy into clinical
    • practice.
  • PSY2015: School-based Mental Health Interventions (3 credits)
    This course gives an overview on typical issues students of different age groups (primary school, high school) often have to deal with. School-based Mental Health Interventions are essential to a school’s ability to ensure a safe and healthy learning environment for all students. The students will learn the approach of School-based Mental Health services like assessment, prevention, intervention, counseling, consultation, and referral activities as well as how it can be culturally adapted to Cambodian context. The course will train students how to find appropriate interventions to work at school and how to plan the treatment effectively.
    Objectives: Upon completion of this course the students will be able to:
    In addition to this course, students can select a school environment for at least one internship, if they want to specialize in the field of School Psychology.

    • understand more about how to work in the school system in Cambodia;
    • identify the most common mental health issues of different age groups (learning disabilities including dyslexia and dyscalculia, conduct disorders, attention deficits and hyperactivity, depression, anxiety and PTSD) and other problems (drug abuse, sexual and gender issues) that may appear in students;
    • address classroom behaviour and discipline;
    • use effective strategies for preventing and responding to crisis, supporting students’ social-emotional needs, identifying and responding to serious mental health problems, and supporting at-risk families;
    • understand how to promote students’ academic success;
  • PSY- Internship (second to fifth semester) (9 credits)

    In the Master’s course there is a strong focus on clinical practice and hands on training. In order to gain practical experience, get a personal feeling of one’s own preferences and strengths and weaknesses, and to improve their skills as counselors, the students will be required to perform at least 100 hours of counseling during the time of the Master’s course. These hours will be spent in different organizations working in the field of mental health and providing counseling services. The Department will offer these internship placements to the students and will be also provide group counseling in groups of about 5 students every 3 weeks. The internship will start at the beginning of the second semester. It is divided into three phases, which allows for feedback, evaluation and early intervention in the case of problems arising. The first phase will involve 20 hours of direct client contact, 5 hours of individual supervision in the project, 6 hours of group supervision at the Department and 10 hours of other activities such as reading, preparation and so on. The second phase will cover 30 hours of direct client contact, 5 hours of individual supervision in the project, 6 hours of group supervision at the Department and 10 hours of other activities. Phase Three will cover 50 hours of direct client contact, 10 hours of individual supervision in the project, 8 hours of group supervision at the Department and 20 hours of other activities. There is a logbook with information for students and their supervisors that must be filled in after every phase is completed. The students must keep records of their internship cases and apply the knowledge they have been taught when taking a history, applying the mental state examination and using assessment tools.

    Internship phase Hours of client contact Individual supervision Group supervision Associated hours Credits
    1 20 5 6 10 2
    2 30 5 6 10 3
    3 50 10 8 20 4
    • Objectives and skills which will be rated are:
    • punctuality and attendance
    • work standards (commitment, adequate preparation, workload)
    • response to feedback from supervisor
    • relationship with other professionals, classmates and staff
    • protection of confidential information
    • knowledge and practice of professional ethics
    • organization of time
    • communication and organizational skills:
    • assessment skills:
    • interviewing skills:
    • intervention and therapy skills:
  • PSY-RR: Research Report (third to fifth semester) (0 credits) OR PSY-MT: Master’s Thesis (third to fifth semester) (12 credits)

    The second focus of this Master’s course is to build research skills and train the students in designing well organized and professional research projects according to international standards of ethics and quality. The aim is to establish research projects that are relevant to the local terrain. Each student can choose between writing a research paper or a research thesis. Writing a research thesis gives more credits and allows the student to not sit or to fail two courses. The research carried out in this program should be focused on clients and psychological or psychosocial issues. Students are welcome to include case studies and create new assessment tools which can be tested in pilot studies as part of the thesis as there is a lack of culturally adapted assessment tools for Cambodia.